Glossary

A
Airlaid
Nonwoven material produced from cellulose and binding agents, for the production of tablecloths, table toppers, table runners and serviettes. Air-laid is very bulky, low-lint, strong and absorbent. The PAPSTAR range includes air-laid items with seasonal prints (e.g. Christmas, Easter).
 
B
basic edition
Series of decorative serviettes within the PAPSTAR range. The key features of the "basic edition" collection are simple designs, reduction to the essentials and clear, strong colour statement. Two-dimensional graphics and stripes, classic checks and dots, and even ornamental and flower motifs are available in six colour worlds. The colours in the "basic edition" are based on the "ROYAL Collection" range and are ideal for combining with the tablecloths and table runners from that range.
Bottle tissue paper
Very thin paper for packaging or wrapping bottles or other delicate items.
 
C
classic edition
Series of decorative serviettes within the PAPSTAR range. The "classic edition" collection is defined by varied, sophisticated and brightly-coloured prints. Sometimes trendy, sometimes classic, sometimes in soft colour nuances, sometimes in bold colour contrasts - here you will find the perfect motif for every occasion and situation. Subtle flower motifs in pastel shades, exotic plant and animal motifs, fresh graphic styles for a modern atmosphere and Mediterranean designs that create the perfect mood with friends. And this beautiful collection even has the right serviettes for special occasions, be it a birthday party, coffee morning or that holiday feeling.
C-PE (chlorinated polyethylene)
Abbreviation for chlorinated polyethylene, an especially durable and weather-resistant PE film. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Overshoes made from C-PE for use in food production and as dirt protection for fabric work clothing, as well as a cover for outdoor shoes for visitor groups.
C-PLA (crystallised polylactide)
Abbreviation for crystallised polylactide - a heat-resistant version of the organic plastic PLA (see PLA). The PAPSTAR pure brand includes cutlery made from C-PLA, for example - heat resistant up to 80°C. C-PLA can be composted in industrial plants.
Crepe paper
Crepe paper is a paper with a large number of folds. The paper structure needed to increase its flexibility is achieved by compressing the paper web during production, either while it is still wet or by moistening it again. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Coloured crepe paper and ribbons for decorative purposes.
 
D
design edition
The "design edition" serviette collection enchants with a wide range of brilliant photo motifs. Be it romantic or classic, spring, summer or autumn, eating and drinking themed motifs, flowers, animals, cities or lifestyle, everyone will find their own favourite motif here. Choose from more than 70 photo motifs in 1/4 or 1/8 fold, divided into five colour worlds. The "design edition" serviettes are delivered in resealable packages and small sales units, making them perfect for the PAPSTAR rotating stand.
DIN EN 13432
DIN EN 13432 (Keimling) is a European standard for compostable recyclable materials. With the correct industrial composting process, more than 90 per cent of the product biodegrades within 80 days. After six months, even the smallest particles (less than 2mm) have been completely broken down.
DIPN (diispropylnaphthaline)
Abbreviation for diispropylnaphthaline, used as a solvent in non-carbon papers. This kind of paper can be found in recycled papers that are used to recover raw materials, such as for packaging. When this packaging (e.g. paper plates or pizza boxes) comes into contact with food, it is possible for DIPN to be transferred to the food, even if the board is coated with a layer of plastic. As far as is currently known, this does not present a health risk to the consumer. However, given the general principle of minimisation regarding the transfer of substances to food, the use of boards containing DIPN is forbidden under the German Foodstuffs and Consumer Goods Act (LMBG). Under its "pure" brand, PAPSTAR exclusively markets paper plates, paper bowls, cake bases and pizza boxes whose production uses 100% board made from virgin fibres - i.e. no recycled paper. See also Virgin fibre-based board.
Dyneema
Dyneema is a trademark of the Dutch chemical corporation Royal DSM N.V. and refers to a synthetic chemical fibre based on polyethylene, with especially robust properties. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Cut protection gloves made from Dyneema. Gloves with Dyneema protect up to cut protection level 5. They can easily be washed and used again and again.
 
E
EPP
Abbreviation for expanded polypropylene, a particle foam based on polypropylene (see also Polypropylene). EPP is especially robust and light, and displays excellent insulating properties. It is temperature resistant in the range -40°C to +120°C. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Insulated transport containers for the safe transportation of temperature-critical meals and foods.
EPS
Abbreviation for expanded polystyrene, a non-cellular polystyrene (see also Polystyrene) with excellent insulating properties. It is temperature resistant up to a maximum of +90°C. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Menu boxes, soup bowls and insulated drinks cups for take-away sales.
EPS laminated
This is an EPS material (see EPS) that is given an additional plastic coating (laminated). This gives the product a greater insulating effect and increases its cut resistance. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Menu boxes for take-away sales.
 
F
FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)
The FSC® logo is one of the best-known quality seals internationally. The FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council), an international, charitable non-governmental organisation based in Bonn, Germany, was founded in 1993 as a result of the Environment and Development Conference in Rio de Janeiro. The aim of the FSC® is to promote environmentally-friendly, socially-beneficial and economically-feasible management of forests. As part of its sustainability strategy, PAPSTAR includes numerous items produced from FSC®-based raw materials in its range, such as paper plates and paper bowls under the "pure" brand and serviettes and tablecloths under the "ROYAL Collection" brand.
 
G
Groundwood pulp
Groundwood pulp is a renewable raw material gained from wood fibres. To make it, wood is mixed with warm water before being pressed and ground on rotating millstones. It can then be further milled to adapt the fibres. The raw material gained from the process can be used to produce sturdy, stylish disposable plates and bowls, for example. Disposable tableware made from groundwood pulp is sustainable, biodegradable and compostable.
Greaseproof paper
Also called sandwich paper; a wood-free, greaseproof paper used to package foods. In contrast to real parchment, it is neither waterproof nor boil-proof. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Packaging paper made from substitute parchment, sandwich paper and bags, baking moulds, chip bags.
Glassine
Glassine is a transparent paper produced from finely-ground pulp, which is largely greaseproof but not moisture-proof. Products in the PAPSTAR range: Pizza bags, baking moulds.
 
H
HACCP
Abbreviation for hazard analysis and critical control points. In accordance with the Food Hygiene Directive of 05.08.1997, all food processing businesses must compile a hazard analysis at critical control points in the production process, so that possible health risks for the consumer can be recognised directly where they arise and effectively combatted. PAPSTAR offers a wide range of items for this (e.g. disposable gloves, various head coverings, disposable aprons) in its staff hygiene product group.
HDPE
Abbreviation for high density polyethylene, a high-density film made from polyethylene. Low-pressure polyethylene films made from this material are also very thin, feel robust and rustle when touched, in a similar way to paper. Typical PAPSTAR products made from HDPE: Rubbish bags, t-shirt bags.
 
I
ISO 14001
The ISO 14001 standard forms a basis for the establishment, introduction, monitoring and further development of environmental management systems. Its overriding aim is to harmonise environmental protection and prevention of environmental damage with economic, social and political demands. PAPSTAR has been certified in accordance with ISO 14001:2004 since 2010.
 
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K
Keimling (seedling logo)
Products that comply with the European standard for biodegradability EN-13432 can be considered for the seedling logo (Keimling). Products that are permitted to carry the seedling logo can be disposed of with organic waste with no negative effects on the composting or compost quality. However, this does not mean that using these products only makes sense when they are going to be composted. Due to their high fuel value and low contaminant content, burning these products and recovering the energy is an outstanding alternative method of disposal. Because products like this cannot be distinguished from normal plastic, the seedling logo helps consumers to recognise them. Regular checks are made to ensure that the approved products meet the applicable requirements. The following products in the PAPSTAR range carry the "Keimling" logo: Compost bags made from organic film, disposable tableware and packaging made from sugar cane, cups made from PLA, cutlery made from C-PLA, serviettes in the "ROYAL Collection" series.
Kraft paper
Kraft paper is the strongest type of paper, used to produce paper and compost sacks, for example. It consists almost 100% of pulp fibres. Only starch, alum and glue are added in order to achieve surface effects and increased strength.
 
L
Latex
Latex is a natural product produced and refined from the latex milk of the rubber tree. Once it has been cleaned and processed in a mastication plant, the raw latex material is prepared to make it suitable for the immersion process used to make gloves. In the immersion process and the vulcanisation that follows, catalysts and additives are added and the raw material is turned into an elastic polymer that is ideal for extremely elastic gloves. Its barrier qualities and extremely high flexibility and elasticity make latex the classic material for medical gloves. Allowing good tactile sensation, these gloves are suitable as examination gloves and protective gloves for delicate activities (grip). Powder-free latex gloves can be used in all fields of the food sector. Medical latex gloves from PAPSTAR provide outstanding protection against bacteria, viruses and microorganisms, as they contain no thirams or mercaptide compounds. The protein content of powder-free gloves is reduced to a minimum (< 20 µg) by a sophisticated washing process.
LDPE / LLDPE
Abbreviation for low density polyethylene, a low-density film made from polyethylene, also known as high-pressure polyethylene. Films made from this material are stronger and feel softer than HDPE. Another type: LLDPE (linear low-density polyethylene). Typical PAPSTAR products made from LDPE: Rubbish bags, freezer bags.
 
M
my
Also called micron or micrometre (a millionth of a metre); refers to a unit of measurement for the material strength of films, e.g. for rubbish bags, freezer bags or aluminium foils.
 
N
Nitrile
As a chemical substance, nitrile is an elastomer. The synthetic latex (NBR, nitrile butadiene rubber) is produced from crude oil. Nitrile is the most resilient basic substance for glove material. The high protection it offers against many chemicals and oils and its good skin compatibility mean that this product is growing in popularity. Many surgeons use nitrile gloves as liner gloves as they are absolutely leak-proof (no micropores). There is no chance of viruses, bacteria or microorganisms penetrating the barrier. Thanks to its composition, nitrile is absolutely safe for use in the medical field, for cleaning purposes (note contact times and agents in the case of chemicals) and even for contact with food. Its puncture resistance, wear properties and cut resistance are all significantly better than those of a comparable latex glove. Nitrile gloves contain no protein substances, making them more than just an alternative for latex allergy sufferers. When warmed by the heat of the skin, nitrile hugs the hand like a second skin.
Nonwoven
Nonwoven is a two-dimensional, flexible and textile-like fabric made from fibres and yarns of every type and origin, which are combined and blended to form a nonwoven fabric. This does not include crossing or intertwining yarns, as is the case in weaving, knitting or braiding. Films and papers are not nonwovens. The PAPSTAR range includes tablecloths and covers made from nonwoven, which are either produced from cellulose and binding agents or based on the plastic polypropylene (PP nonwoven). Tablecloths made from PP nonwoven are sold under the brand name "PAPSTAR soft selection" and have particular product properties (see "soft selection").
Nordic Ecolabel (Svanen)
Paper and wood manufacturers in Scandinavia have come together to comprehensively assess the entire production process with the NORDIC ECOLABEL. The aim is to only certify products whose entire production - from extraction of raw materials to production and disposal of waste - burdens the environment as little as possible. The serviettes in the "ROYAL Collection" carry the Nordic Ecolabel.
 
O
Organic coating
The hot beverage cups under the PAPSTAR pure brand are coated with the organic plastic polylactic acid (PLA), instead of conventional polyethylene. The internal coating is based on corn starch, uses no fossil raw materials, and is fully biodegradable. Thanks to this coating, the environmentally-friendly take-away cups are 100% compostable, certified in accordance with the DIN 13431 standard.
Organic film
Film based on corn or potato starch, which decomposes 100% in around 40 days without releasing any harmful substances. PAPSTAR can supply rubbish bags made from organic film in two different sizes, for compostable waste.
 
P
PAPSTAR pure
Under its "pure" brand, PAPSTAR offers a series of disposable items made from renewable raw materials. The items are environmentally-friendly, demand that natural resources are handled carefully, and are biodegradable and compostable. The range currently includes the following: Paper plates, paper bowls, paper cups, plates and bowls made from sugar cane, cups and cutlery made from the organic plastic PLA, wooden cutlery and bowls, and serviettes and tablecloths made from tissue and paper.
Paraffin
Paraffin is predominantly made from the fossil fuel crude oil. Its physical and chemical properties make paraffin suitable for all candle production processes. Highly-purified paraffins have very good combustion quality.
Polyamide/polyethylene (PA/PE)
Their versatility makes films made from polyamide (PA) and polyethylene (PE) are a good packaging solution in the food sector. PA/PE films consist of at least one layer of PA and one layer of PE. Particular properties of the material mix:
- Due to PA content: Improvement in mechanical properties, high tear and puncture resistance, barrier effect, low permeability to gases, greases and flavours
- Due to PE content: Barrier effect, impermeability to water vapour, serves as sealing layer and stabiliser for the film.
Typical PAPSTAR products made from PA/PE: Seal edge bags.
Polyethylene (PE)
Abbreviation: PE. A plastic made by the polymerisation of ethylene. Transparent (milky/cloudy as a thick layer), light, tough, elastic, practically unbreakable, almost chemically invulnerable, waxy feel, becomes soft at 70-80°C and melts at 100-200°C. Polyethylene has a wide range of uses: for packaging films (impermeable to water and water vapour), household goods, bottles, as an insulating material, as corrosion protection, and much more. Typical PAPSTAR products made from PE: Film items such as rubbish bags, rubbish sacks, freezer bags, carrier bags, flat bags.
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)
PET is a thermoplastic plastic that is produced through polycondensation and is a member of the polyester family. PET is more transparent and harder than PS and PP. It is temperature resistant in the range -40°C to +40°C. Items in the PAPSTAR range: Salad bowls, smoothie cups, delicatessen bowls.
Polylactid (PLA)
An organic plastic produced based on vegetable starch. Corn and wheat, from which the natural sugar dextrose is extracted, are most commonly used to obtain the starch. A fermentation process converts the dextrose first into lactic acid and then into versatile polymers. These are used to produce granules that are similar to plastic and are processed in a similar way to plastics based on crude oil. Thanks to their natural base, products made from PLA can be 100% composted in industrial composting plants after use. Products made from PLA are only suitable up to a temperature of +40°C. Typical PAPSTAR products made from PLA: Cold drinks cups.
Polypropylene (PP)
Abbreviation: PP. A plastic made through the polymerisation of propylene. Similar to polyethylene but more heat resistant. Polypropylene is used in the production of textiles, films, plates, pipes, blown shapes and much more. It is temperature resistant in the range -20°C to +120°C. Typical PAPSTAR products made from PP: Drinks cups, menu plates, soup tureens, drinking straws.
Polypropylene (PP) nonwoven
Polypropylene (PP) nonwoven is a plastic-based material that is similar to textile. PAPSTAR´s range includes the "soft selection" and "soft selection plus" series, which consist of tablecloths, covers, table runners and table sets made from PP nonwoven. The material is especially suitable for professional use in the catering industry. Its advantages over conventional nonwoven tablecloths include that it is wipe-clean, moisture-resistant, tear-resistant and robust. The colour spectrum is coordinated with the serviettes and table runners in the "ROYAL Collection".
Polystyrene (PS)
Abbreviation: PS. A plastic made by the polymerisation of styrene. Hard as bone, tough, odourless, not harmful to health, resistant to moisture, glossy, transparent or opalescent, with particularly favourable dielectric properties (good insulation material, low loss factor). Polystyrene is easy to process in injection moulding. It is temperature resistant in the range -10°C to +70°C. Typical PAPSTAR products made from PS: Drinks cups, menu plates, soup tureens, cutlery.
 
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R
ROYAL Collection
Under the name "ROYAL Collection", PAPSTAR offers its collection of premium-quality serviettes and table runners for sophisticated table decoration. Thanks to a special, innovative production technique, the serviettes in the "ROYAL Collection" have the look of fabric serviettes. The decoration is visible on both the front and the back, giving the serviettes their unique character. "ROYAL Collection" serviettes are soft in contact with the skin, dimensionally stable, easy to fold and odourless. The ROYAL series also includes table runners in colours that match the serviettes. You can see the serviettes and table runners in the ROYAL series here.
 
S
soft selection und soft selection plus
Under the names "soft selection" and "soft selection plus", PAPSTAR offers a product line of tablecloths, covers, table runners and table sets based on a modern polypropylene nonwoven material. Items made from this material are wipe-clean, moisture-resistant, tear-resistant, robust, as soft as fabric and 100% recyclable. Items in the "soft selection plus" series are also waterproof, making them especially robust and ideal for outdoor use. The colours in the series are coordinated with the complementary items in the "ROYAL Collection".
Stearin
High-quality raw material for candle production; a mixture of stearic acid and palmitic acid. Candles made from pure stearin are especially dimensionally stable, are less sensitive to temperature fluctuations and drafts, provide a bright, steady flame and are valued by consumers due to their clear surface structure. PAPSTAR offers an exclusive range of candles made from 100% stearin, in various shapes and sizes.
Sugar cane
As a plant from the family of grasses that regrows multiple times a year, sugar cane is the world´s most important raw material for the production of household sugar (sucrose). The remains of the sugar cane plant left over once the syrup has been extracted (known as bagasse) can be used to produce stable and stylish plates, bowls, menu boxes and drinks cups.
 
T
Tissue
Tissue was developed almost simultaneously in Germany and the USA in 1929. It is a special paper whose name comes from its close association with textile fabrics. The name tissue refers to special papers characterised by being soft and thin and remaining strong even after absorbing a significant amount of moisture. The material remains dimensionally stable and odourless, making it very versatile. The serviettes and table cloths offered under the "PAPSTAR pure" brand are made using exclusively unbleached material from sustainable, FSC®-certified forestry. They also meet the strict requirements of the Nordic Ecolabel (Svanen), which ensures that resources are handled responsibly throughout the product´s entire life cycle.
 
U
 
 
V
Vinyl
Vinyl, also known as polyvinylchloride (PVC), is a glove material that is made through polymerisation with the addition of plasticisers. The material is suitable for those with latex allergies, as it contains no protein substances. However, the plasticisers are often liposoluble, which limits the material´s use in the food sector. The gloves are suitable for cleaning purposes and contact with foods that do not contain fat. The material is not very elastic and does not hug the hand tightly. Vinyl is the cheapest glove material. It should only be used for protective gloves in less hazardous areas (low risk factor). All PAPSTAR vinyl gloves are produced without thiram and the harmful plasticiser DEHP. They are of medical quality and have an AQL value of 1.5. The rolled edge creates a clean finish and prevents liquids from dripping.
Virgin fibre-based board
A high-quality, food-safe board for the production of disposable tableware and service packaging. The board is produced from new, "virgin" fibres. In contrast to this, board containing recycled materials is available on the market. This recycled board contains optical lighteners and other harmful substances. Despite perhaps being coated with polyethylene, these substances can be transmitted to the food on the plate, which has already led to complaints from the food monitoring authorities. Under its "pure" brand, PAPSTAR provides paper plates and paper bowls made from 100% virgin fibre-based board, which does not contain any recycled elements that may be harmful under food law. See the paper plates and paper bowls in our "pure" brand here. 
 
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